The Legalized Crime Of Banking is a simple story of The Federal Reserve System, dealing principally with the unconstitutional creation of money and the control of credit by private corporations. The author suggests a concrete, simple solution, which Congress could employ, which would make the transition from private banking to the Treasury without injuring anyone enjoying a constitutional right, or without upsetting our normal course of trade, industry, and agriculture.
The Pauper and The Rich Man
The pauper (the Federal Reserve Bank) with assets of $52 billion with no productive know how, and less than 100,000 stockholders, loaned the rich man (The United States Government) with well over $350 billion in physical assets plus $250 billion in productive capacity and know how, with 170 million stockholders, $300 billion to fight World War II. Can you imagine the greatest corporation on earth, with 170 million stockholders and assets running over $600 billion, turning to a corporation with less than 100,000 stockholders and assets of only $52 billion to borrow money? Can you imagine Rockefeller saying to his chauffer: “Tom, I am transferring my personal chequeing account, which is around $1 billion, to your account; you may spend it as you please, provided that when I need some cash, you will hand it to me. Of course, I will give you my note for cash I receive and pay interest on the note.” Well, that is exactly what Congress did in 1913 when it passed the Reserve Act. To fight World War II, we gave the bankers of the United States $300 billion in U.S. Bonds that we might use the Nation’s credit. In addition, we permitted them to take a credit of $300 billion in their reserve accounts. This gave them $2 trillion 100 billion bank credit. These credits are to bankers what your deposit credits on their books are to you. They can lend it, or buy investment obligations-it is cash to them! So adding the $300 billion in Bonds to their bank credit, we find that the bankers (the then paupers) came out of World War II $2 trillion 400 billion richer than when we went into the War. The United States Government (the then rich man), thanks to the stupidity and venality of her sons (congressmen), and newspapers and journals, came out of the War $300 billion in debt! And, dear reader, that fable happens to be true.
MEADOR PUBLISHING COMPANY
To My Banker Acquaintances
I have assailed you in much harsher terms than I do when I think of you as my neighbour. I don’t thin that you ever stopped to analyse what you are really doing in your banking business. I think you are a gambler at heart, and gamblers have big hearts — Al Capone took from the rich and ministered to the poor; so did Robin Hood — only, dear sirs, you don’t minister to the poor. Many of you have never reasoned that you are the croupiers at the roulette tables, and have been taught that it is part of the game to press your foot on the hidden pedal just in time to win the table’s take. Many of you have been stepping on the pedal never knowing that you did; because
you were afraid to investigate, fearing that you might find you conscience and streak of honesty too big to let you keep walking on such treacherous ground.
I know that you reason as my good banker friend in Port Lavaca reasoned when he said to me: “You must not forget that there is a great deal of difference between a moral wrong and a legal right.” And maybe you have a true picture of banking and its evils, and say with Sir Josiah Stamp, “. . . but as long as the nation will let men do this thing, a man is foolish not to be a banker.”
I’d lay down my life for your right deeds; I would sacrifice your good esteem that I might combat a wrong.
I hope that within the immediate decade, you must cease forever to be bankers; and become what you stoutly maintain you are, “money lenders.”
Yours with deep regret,
Under the Federal Reserve Banking System, World War II has cost us to date :
U.S. Bonds, a gift to bankers. $ 250 billion
New customers’ deposits . . . . $ 250 billion
Created new bank credit a gift . . $ 1,250 billion
Annual interest to date . . . . $ 120 billion
Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,870 billion
By 1980, another $130 billion in interest will make the cost of World War II exactly $2 trillion ($2,000,000,000,000).
Had Congress in 1933 taken over the creating of money and the keeping of the people’s deposits, cashing and clearing our cheques, World War II would have cost us just $250,000,000,000 (billion). And to date that would have been a saving to the people of the stupendous sum of $1,620,000,000,000 (trillion).
And the costs for future wars, and they will always be the creatures of bankers, annually, will be $32 billion. This cost since World War II has approximately amounted to $384,000,000,000 (billion), which is more than the total wealth of the United States in 1932.
Chapter I Foreword
Fifty-two years ago in August, 1905, I went to Abbott, Texas, as principal of the school. Later in the fall the little bank in West, Texas, seven miles away, failed.
This story was told to me: A farmer sold his farm for $3600 cash. He reached the bank as the cashier was closing the doors. The farmer said, “I have just sold my farm. Here are $3600 — all I own is in my hands. I am afraid to keep it until I go west and buy another farm. Will you open the bank, and let me deposit this money? I owe you $500. I will come in Monday and pay you.”
“Sure,” replied the young cashier. He reopened the doors, took the farmer’s money, gave him a deposit slip, knowing that the bank was busted, and would not reopen, Monday. He stuck the money in his expensive pants pocket, closed the doors, and later boarded a train for Dallas, for a week-end of pleasure, as was the custom in those days. He didn’t open the bank on Monday. The bank later was opened, and the vault was clean of cash. A reward was offered for the cashier’s arrest and return. A friend brought him in and they split the reward. The youth of the town met the train, and gave him an ovation. A “moot” court freed him.
Depositors lost all. The farmer lost his $3600. The bank went to the same court and got judgment against the farmer for the note plus interest and costs of court.
When I heard that story, and learned that the law permitted crooked bankers to close their doors, write off every deposit on their books, yet sue those same depositors, if they owed the bank, and get judgment; and the depositors could not sue the bankers and get judgment for the lost depositcredits; not even when the depositor had put actual cash in the day before the bank closed, as had the farmer, I said to myself, the real me:
“I shall set myself to the task of learning how such a crime against decency, justice and equity could have the sanction of law: why a deposit slip has no standing in court, yet the note a man gave the bank for the deposit slip has; why a depositor cannot sue a busted bank on a deposit slip and get judgment against the stockholders of the bank, while the stockholders can sue and get judgment on the note the depositor gave the bankers in exchange for the deposit slip; why a banker could take a farmer’s cash, his life’s savings, and abscond legally, then sue the victim on his note and get judgment, yet the depositor had no recourse at law.”
So for 52 years the practices of bankers have been deep in my subconscious mind. I have read everything that I could find on banking and money; scanned newspapers and magazines for revealing information. I found that all I read was coloured, or half told, that the people might be kept ignorant of money, banking. Bankers misinformed me as often as I asked them for information. I could only observe bankers in action, from the deposit-window point of view, and as a borrower.
A quarter of a century later I had the answer, but I still lacked official confirmation of my discoveries. On May 1, 1939, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System published a booklet of 128 pages — “The Federal Reserve System — Its Purposes and Functions.” I got hold of a copy. It officially confirmed the correctness of my findings. The Constitution of the United States of America is explicit in its delegation of powers to Congress. It says:
“The Congress shall have power. . . to coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures.”
After enumerating the legalized crimes of banking, and proving that the coining of money and credit can not be re-delegated to others, I shall outline the plan of returning to the Congress of the United States the creation of our money and the control of the Nation’s credit. This change will not be felt adversely by the honest, working citizen, and it will greatly improve our economic situation.
It will hurt bankers, stock market gamblers, those who live by their smartness. In the language of Sir Josiah Stamp, President of the Bank of England and the second richest man in the British Empire, as said in an informal talk to 150 University of Texas history, economics and social science professors, in the 20’s.
“Banking was conceived in iniquity and born in sin. . . . Bankers own the world. Take it away from them, but leave them the power to create money and control credit, and with a flick of the pen, they will create enough money to buy it back again. . . . Take this power away from bankers, and all great fortunes like mine will disappear, and they ought to disappear, because this would then be a better and a happier world to live in. . . But if you want to continue to be the slaves of bankers, and pay the costs of your own slavery, let them continue to create money, and control credit.”
Stop and find your place in our present economic system – that is, are you a beneficiary; or, are you a victim? Are you a gainer; or, are you a loser?
If you work for a living, with hands and/or head, or both; or, work for others for pay, you are a loser, the heaviest of all losers! You toil to provide man all his material wants, or to serve him, and you are paid with a cheap, inflated 25-cent dollar, which we persistently call a 100-cent dollar — a private dollar created by a private corporation. If you have earned your money either by producing something, working for yourself or as an employee, or in serving others, and through thrift and economy you have stored it away for the rainy day; or, if an honest man and would not take anything from another that you did not give in return an equal value of goods and/or service, you are doubly a loser; for the bankers’ constant stream of created new dollars pouring into circulation cheapens your dollar, and lowers its buying power. You get only a pound of coffee today for the same money you could buy four pounds of coffee in the thirties.
If you are on a pension, or living on your life’s saving, even on the coupons you have been clipping from World War II U.S. Bonds, you are a helpless loser, because bankers in the last 20 years have reduced the buying power of your dollar to one-fourth its 1935 buying power.
But, if you are a gambler, and live by your wits play the stock markets and otherwise take usury, take from others without producing or serving others, take that which you have not earned, you are a gainer; aye, more, an enemy of all honest, producing, serving, toiling people. You are the burden that is crushing to the earth the masses, the 99 and 9 of us.